Tallinn Estonia History

Estonian culture and history, Tallinn has been a hotspot for its history since its foundation in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. This chronological history begins with the foundation of the first school in Tallinna in 1811 and is considered the starting point for school teaching in Estonia, as it was founded in such a large city. Estonians are going to Tallina to celebrate their country at the Estonian Song and Dance Festival. The festival is so popular that it has been included on the UNESCO list of intangible cultural heritage.

During the Swedish period, Tallinn became the capital of the Swedish Empire and the centre of international trade between the two countries. The largest flying saucer in the world, the Tallinna Flyer, one of Estonia's most famous aircraft, is located in the Estonian Parliament building.

The city is the capital of a relatively young country, Estonia, which was under the rule of the USSR until 1991. Although Estonia regained independence in 1991, Tallinn remained Russian. Only after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 was Estonia granted independence, which should last until today.

The Tartu Peace Treaty was signed in 1884 and recognised Estonia's independence from the Soviet Union and its independence from Russia. A peace treaty with Russia was also signed, creating an independent Estonia with the capital Tallinn.

The Danish King Erik IV Adraraha granted Tallinn the rights of Lübeck, which tied it to the principles of equality, freedom of speech and religion, and the right to practise religion freely.

In 1346, the Danes sold what was left of the area of Tallinn and northern Estonia to the German knights. This subordination lasted for the next century and a half, but in 1561 the Order itself was dissolved and Poland gained the upper hand in southern Estonia, including Tartu. Fearing Russian troops and a Russian troop, the great Finns in the towns of Harju and Viru withdrew under knighthood from the Swedish crown to Tallinna and the town of Toompea Hill under Swedish guardianship in 1561. The victor built a fortress on Toomspea Hill and gave up his right to himself - the dominion over the city and its inhabitants. At that time, the entire nobility of Tallinn and northern Estonia had submitted to the protection of the Swedish crown.

The fortress served as a base for the Northern Crusades, led by King Waldemar II of Denmark against Tallinn in 1219 by his son-in-law, King Viggo of Sweden, and his brother, the King of Norway.

German Crusaders invaded, and Estonia became an important battleground between Russia, Sweden, Poland and Denmark. The Danish landing was the king of Denmark, who invaded northern Estonia and invaded Germany - crusaders - in Estonia. Estonia was suffocated in the Soviet Union until an unprecedented Estonian Singing Revolution united the country. Tallinn quickly became the modern "European capital," and large rallies were held, but the dissident movement in Estonia gained momentum and eventually the Soviet Union fell.

On February 24, 1918, Estonia took advantage of the weakened Bolsheviks, declared its independence and took power in Estonia. The next day German troops had already occupied Estonia, and the German army took power over Estonia and began an invasion of the Estonian mainland.

On June 26, 1941, Nazi Germany attacked the Soviet Union and invaded and conquered Estonia, but Estonia could not maintain its independence from Soviet expansion during World War II. However, Estonia was re-occupied by the Soviet Union in 1944 and the population of Tallinn declined when Estonians left the country. Estonia and neighbouring Finland gained independence, as did Sweden and later Russia. In 1991, after the collapse of the USSR, Tallina was rapidly revived and is now more prosperous. Estonians are the country's second largest ethnic group after the Finns, who gained independence first from Sweden, then from Russia and finally from the United States.

Other major tourist attractions in Tallinn are the Estonian National Museum, the Estonian Academy of Sciences and the University of Tartu. Highlights of the tour include the highly acclaimed exhibition "Estonia in the World," "Tallinn, Estonia: History, Culture and Tourism" and a visit to the historic centre of the city.

The Estonian History Museum is located in the Grand Guild Room and is a place where you can learn more about the history of Tallinn, its people and its history. The museum gives you an overview of the history of the city from its beginnings to the present day. You will experience the historic buildings such as the Gymnasium, where the Estonian national football team has been playing since the 1940s, and other cultural and cultural attractions in the centre of Tallinna.

Today, Tallinn is one of the most popular destinations in Estonia, which has become a bustling city with a thriving tourism industry, fond of its cobbled streets, historic buildings and vibrant culture.

More About Tallinn

More About Tallinn